In public policy, political boundaries, such as states or provinces, often take precedence over economic boundaries, such as cities. While urban areas contain the vast majority of the economy, they often fail to wield equivalent political power since political boundaries, initially laid out centuries ago, change slowly in response to economic factors. The end result is that urban issues fail to attract the necessary attention from policy-makers.
Policy-makers must be familiar with urban policy issues to keep the economic engines of their regions running smoothly. Failing to understand critical issues such as migration and cost-of-living needlessly penalizes urban areas to the detriment of everyone.