Printer-friendly version
Tax Complexity in 2019: Can It be Tamed?

Tax Complexity in 2019: Can It be Tamed? finds that Canadians face a significantly more complicated tax system than existed just a few decades ago. For example, from 1990 and 2018, the text area of the actual Income Tax Act and related regulations increased by 72 per cent, from 974,050 cm² to 1,673,802 cm². The number of pages in the Act increased by two per cent, and page size increased by 69 per cent (from 354 cm² to 598 cm²). Research has shown that a complicated tax system imposes additional compliance costs on businesses and families, and higher administration costs on government.

Printer-friendly version
Examining Federal Debt in Canada by Prime Minister Since Confederation

Examining Federal Debt in Canada by Prime Minister Since Confederation finds that by the end of his first term later this year, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau will have increased federal debt by 5.6 per cent per person—the largest increase of any prime minister in Canadian history who didn’t govern during a world war or recession. By contrast, other recent Liberal prime ministers such as Jean Chrétien, Paul Martin and Lester Pearson who also never governed during a world war or recession all cut per-person debt—Chrétien by 13 per cent, Martin by 8 per cent and Pearson by 6 per cent.

Printer-friendly version
A Turning Point or More of the Same? Ontario's Fiscal Choices in Budget 2019

A Turning Point or More of the Same? Ontario's Fiscal Choices in Budget 2019 finds that the Ontario provincial government could balance the budget by 2020/21 with a one per cent reduction in program spending in each of the next two years. A 9.8 per cent reduction over the next two years would not only achieve balance, but would also allow the government to lower taxes and increase tax competitiveness.

Printer-friendly version
Albertans Make Disproportionate Contributions to National Programs: The Canada Pension Plan as a Case Study

Albertans Make Disproportionate Contributions to National Programs: The Canada Pension Plan as a Case Study finds that in 2017, workers in Alberta paid $2.9 billion more into the Canada Pension Plan than Alberta retirees received in CPP payments. In fact, from 2008 to 2017, the total net contribution to the CPP from Albertan workers—the amount over and above what Alberta retirees were paid—was a staggering $27.9 billion. Ontario, the next highest contributing province, had a net contribution of just $7.4 billion over the same decade.

Printer-friendly version
The Private Cost of Public Queues for Medically Necessary Care, 2019

The Private Cost of Public Queues for Medically Necessary Care, 2019 finds that Canada’s long wait times for medically necessary treatments cost Canadians $2.1 billion—or $1,924 per patient—in lost wages and time last year. Including the value of lost time outside the traditional work week—evenings and weekends—the estimated cost of waiting for medical care jumps to $6.3 billion. It’s estimated that more than one million Canadians waited for medically necessary treatment in 2018.

Printer-friendly version
The Causes of Poverty

Causes of Poverty, the first in a new series exploring the underlying causes of poverty, finds Canadians who graduate high school, secure any kind of full-time employment and wait to have children until in a committed relationship have a 99 per cent chance of avoiding long-term poverty.

Printer-friendly version
Canadian Foreign Direct Investment: Recent Patterns and Interpretation

Canadian Foreign Direct Investment: Recent Patterns and Interpretation finds that the amount invested by Canadians abroad has increased 73.7 per cent since 2013, while the amount invested by foreigners in Canada over the same time period has declined by 55 per cent, signalling Canada has become a less attractive place to invest over the past few years.

Printer-friendly version

Alberta Prosperity: A Plan for Opportunity and Growth is a new book by the Fraser Institute that explores reforms in crucial policy areas, including Alberta’s finances, the health-care and education systems, the investment climate and resource regulation in the province, among others. The book provides policymakers with a clear plan to improve competitiveness, which would help attract entrepreneurs, investors and businesses, and raise living standards for Albertans.