Michael Walker, Senior FellowMichael Walker was the executive director of the Fraser Institute from its inception in 1974 until September 2005. Previously, he taught at the University of Western Ontario and Carleton and was employed at the Bank of Canada and the Federal Department of Finance. He received his Ph.D. at the University of Western Ontario and his B.A. at St. Francis Xavier University. As an economist, he has authored or edited 45 books on economic topics. His articles on technical economic subjects have appeared in professional journals in Canada, the United States and Europe, including the Canadian Journal of Economics, American Economic Review, Journal of Finance, Canadian Tax Journal, Health Management Quarterly, Weltwertschaftliches Archiv and Health Affairs. His primary concern as the founding Executive Director of the Fraser Institute has been to promote the examination and use of competitive markets as a method for enhancing the lives of Canadians. He is the co-founder, with Milton and Rose D. Friedman, of the Economic Freedom of the World project which is now a collaboration of institutes in 85 countries and produces the annual Economic Freedom of the World Index. The index is one of the most widely cited such measures in the current academic literature.
Vicki Alger, Senior Fellow
Vicki Alger, Ph.D., is a Fraser Institute Senior Fellow, Director of the Women for School Choice Project at the Independent Women’s Forum in Washington, D.C., and a Research Fellow at the Independent Institute in Oakland, California. She is also President and CEO of Vicki Murray & Associates LLC in Scottsdale, Arizona. Alger’s research focuses on education reforms that promote a competitive education marketplace and increase individuals’ control over their and their children’s education. She has advised members of the U.S. Congress, the U.S. Department of Education, and lawmakers from more than 30 states. Her research has also been used in numerous court cases upholding parental choice programs, including the U.S. Supreme Court. Alger’s work has appeared in leading outlets such as Investors’ Business Daily, The Wall Street Journal, and US News & World Report. Alger received her Ph.D. in political philosophy from the Institute of Philosophic Studies at the University of Dallas, where she was an Earhart Foundation Fellow.
Derek J. Allison, Senior Fellow
Derek J.Allison, B.Ed., M.Ed., Ph.D., began his teaching career in England, before moving to Alberta, where he was a school principal. After completing his graduate work at the University of Alberta, he accepted a position with the faculty of education at the University of Western Ontario where he taught social and legal foundations of education for 36 years, and skillfully guided hundreds of graduate students through advanced research and study. He gained acclaim for his teaching, especially his outstanding lectures, and his skill as a mentor and advisor to graduate students. He has an extensive record in research and publication with particular interests in the organization and operation of schools, theories of leadership, and the philosophy of inquiry. He is the recipient of 10 teaching awards and the Distinguished Service Award of the Canadian Association for the Study of Educational Administration.
Gerry Angevine, Senior Fellow
Gerry Angevine is Senior Fellow in the Fraser Institute’s Centre for Energy and Natural Resource Studies. Angevine has been President of AECL, an energy economics consulting
firm, since 1999 and was a Managing Consultant with Navigant Consulting Ltd. from 2001 to 2004. He was President, CEO, and a Director of the Canadian Energy Research Institute from 1979 to 1999. Prior to that, he worked as an economist at the Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce and the Bank of Canada. Angevine has undertaken domestic and international studies in the markets for natural gas (including trade, pipelines, and storage), oil and oil products (including oil sands, refining, and investment), and electricity (including deregulation, water rentals, and renewables). He has advised the Alberta Department of Energy and testified before the National Energy Board as an expert witness. He has a Ph.D. in Economics from the University of Michigan, an M.A. in Economics from Dalhousie University and a B.Comm. from Mount Allison
Sonia Arrison, Senior FellowSonia Arrison is a global leader in technology policy and analysis. Her research interests include broadband competition, municipal Wi-Fi initiatives, e-voting, telecommunications policy, Internet taxes, electronic commerce, and biotechnology. Arrison is an associate founder, academic advisor, and trustee at Singularity University. She is also a columnist for TechNewsWorld and the former director of Technology Studies at the Pacific Research Institute in San Francisco. Her most recent bestselling book, 100 Plus, examines how lengthening lifespans will change the way people and societies think about and organize life, including everything from careers to relationships to family to faith. Arrison has appeared on CBS MarketWatch, Tech TV, National Public Radio, and CNN and has published articles in the Los Angeles Times, USA Today, New York Times, and Wall Street Journal. She was also the host of the radio program “digital dialogue” on the Voice America network and has testified as an expert witness before state and federal commissions on a range of technology-related issues. She earned a B.A. in Political Science and Psychology (with a minor in Economics) from the University of Calgary in 1994 and an M.A. in Political Philosophy and Statistical Analysis from the University of British Columbia in 1996.
Professor Eugene Beaulieu, Senior FellowEugene Beaulieu is an Associate Professor in the Department of Economics at the University of Calgary. Beaulieu joined the department after completing his Ph.D. at Columbia University in New York City in 1997. Beaulieu's research examines the political economy and distributional consequences of international trade policy in Canada and the United States. He was awarded the 1998 Petro-Canada Young Innovators Award to study the impact of CUSTA and NAFTA on closures of manufacturing plants in the United States and Canada. More recently, Beaulieu was awarded a three-year SSHRC grant to conduct research on the history of the political economy of Canada's trade policy. Beaulieu held the 2003 Killam Resident Scholar and sits on the Academic Advisory Council to the Deputy Minister of International Trade in the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade for the Government of Canada.
Dr. Brett Belchetz, Senior FellowDr. Brett Belchetz is a practicing emergency room physician from Toronto, Canada. He has an undergraduate degree in Statistical Sciences from the University of Western Ontario and an M.D. from the University of Toronto. He was the chief resident of his post graduate training program at the University of Toronto. Prior to practicing medicine, Dr. Belchetz was a management consultant with McKinsey and Company. He is a regular commentator on health-related issues and is featured regularly as a medical expert on CTV's The Marilyn Denis Show.
Nicholas Bloom, Senior FellowNicholas Bloom is a Professor of Economics at Stanford University and a Co-Director of the Productivity, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship program at the National Bureau of Economic Research. He previously worked at the UK Treasury and McKinsey & Company. Bloom's research focuses on understanding the economic impacts of policy uncertainty, such as that which followed the 9/11 terrorist attacks and the Cuban Missile Crisis. He is also constructing an empirical basis for understanding what factors drive differences in management practices across regions, industries, and countries, and how this determines the economic performance of nations and firms. Bloom is the recipient of an Alfred Sloan Fellowship, a National Science Foundation Career Award, and the Frisch Medal. He has a B.A. from Cambridge, an M.Phil. from Oxford, and a Ph.D. from University College London.
Donald Boudreaux, Senior FellowDonald J. Boudreaux is a Professor of Economics and former Economics Department Chair at George Mason University and a Senior Fellow with the Fraser Institute. He is also a Senior Fellow with the F.A. Hayek Program for Advanced Study in Philosophy, Politics, and Economics at the Mercatus Center at George Mason University, and holds the Martha and Nelson Getchell Chair for the Study of Free Market Capitalism at the Mercatus Center. He has a Ph.D. in economics from Auburn University and law degree from the University of Virginia. Professor Boudreaux is committed to making economics more accessible to a wider audience, and he has lectured across the United States, Canada, Latin America, and Europe on a wide variety of topics, including the nature of law, antitrust law and economics, and international trade. He is published in a variety of newspapers and journals, including The Wall Street Journal, The Washington Times, and The Supreme Court Economic Review and writes a blog (with Russell Roberts) called Café Hayek, www.cafehayek.com.
Martin Collacott, Senior FellowFormer Canadian Ambassador Martin Collacott studies issues related to terrorism. Collacott has 30 years of distinguished service in the Department of External Affairs for Canada. His assignments included Director General for Security Services and in this capacity he was responsible for the coordination of counter-terrorism policy at the international level. He represented the Department of External Affairs in Indochina, Hong Kong, Lagos, and Tokyo. During the late 1960s, he served as the Chinese-speaking member of the Canadian negotiating team which established diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China. Later in his career, Collacott was appointed as High Commissioner to Sri Lanka, Ambassador to Syria and Lebanon, and Ambassador to Cambodia. In the course of these assignments he had major responsibilities for the delivery of immigration and refugee programs.
Livio Di Matteo, Senior FellowLivio Di Matteo is a Professor of Economics at Lakehead University in Thunder Bay, Ontario, where he specializes in public policy, health economics, public finance, and economic history. His recent research has focused on health care spending and its sustainability. Di Matteo is a member of the CIHI National Health Expenditure Advisory Panel, the Evidence Network (EvidenceNetwork.ca), and is a contributor to the economics blog Worthwhile Canadian Initiative. He has been listed in Canadian Who's Who since 1995 and holds a Ph.D. from McMaster University, an M.A. from the University of Western Ontario, and a BA from Lakehead University.
John Dobra, Senior FellowJohn Dobra is the Founding Director of the Natural Resource Industry Institute and an Associate Professor of Economics at the University of Nevada, Reno. An expert in natural resource economics, Dobra has served as a consultant for state and federal government agencies, corporations, and industry associations. He has also testified on several occasions in the Nevada Legislature and the U.S. Senate and House of Representatives. Dobra has a Ph.D. in Economics from Virginia Tech and an M.Sc. in Economics from Portland State University.
Alan Dowd, Senior FellowAlan W. Dowd is a Senior Fellow of the Fraser Institute and Senior Editor of Fraser Insight. Dowd conducts research into defence and security issues, co-authored the report Cybersecurity Challenges for Canada and the United States, has contributed to the Institute’s Economic Freedom of North America Annual Report (EFNA) and helped launch the Institute’s U.S. EFNA Network. An award-winning writer, Dowd is a frequent contributor to The American Legion Magazine, Military Officer, The American, The Landing Zone, World Politics Review, and American Outlook. In addition, his writing has appeared in Fraser Forum, Claremont Review of Books, Policy Review, Parameters, Journal of Diplomacy & International Relations, Diplomat & International Canada, World & I, National Post, Baltimore Sun, Washington Times, Washington Examiner, Sacramento Bee, Indianapolis Star, Detroit News, Vancouver Sun, Wall Street Journal Europe, Jerusalem Post, Financial Times Deutschland, and the online editions of the American Interest, National Review, and Weekly Standard. Dowd is an adjunct professor at Butler University; was a founding member of the Sagamore Institute leadership team, where he continues to hold a senior fellow post; and was director of Hudson Institute’s corporate headquarters. He earned a B.A. with departmental high honors from Butler University and an M.A. from Indiana University.
Stephen T. Easton, Senior FellowStephen T. Easton is a Professor of Economics at Simon Fraser University. He received his A.B. from Oberlin College and his Ph.D. from the University of Chicago. Recent works published by the Fraser Institute include Privatizing Prisons (editor, 1998), The Costs of Crime: Who Pays and How Much? 1998 Update (with Paul Brantingham, 1998), and Rating Global Economic Freedom (editor, 1992). He was also co-author of A Secondary Schools Report Card for British Columbia (1998), The 1999 Report Card on British Columbia’s Secondary Schools, Boys, Girls, and Grades: Academic Gender Balance in British Columbia’s Secondary Schools (1999), and The 1999 Report Card on Alberta’s High Schools, and continues to advise on the Institute’s series of school report cards. His editorials have appeared in many newspapers across the country.
Joel Emes, Senior FellowJoel Emes is a former senior advisor to British Columbia’s provincial government. He previously served as a senior analyst, then as executive director (2009 to 2011), at the B.C. Progress Board. Prior to that, Emes was a senior research economist at the Fraser Institute, where he initiated and led several flagship projects in the areas of tax freedom and government performance, spending, debt, and unfunded liabilities. Emes holds a B.A. and an M.A. in Economics from Simon Fraser University.
Nadeem Esmail, Senior Fellow
Nadeem Esmail first joined the Fraser Institute in 2001, served as Director of Health System Performance Studies from 2006 to 2009, and has since served as a Senior Fellow. Esmail has spearheaded critical Fraser Institute research, including the annual Waiting Your Turn survey of surgical wait times across Canada and How Good Is Canadian Health Care?, an international comparison of health care systems. In addition, he has authored or co-authored more than 50 comprehensive studies and more than 150 articles on a wide range of topics, including the cost of public health care insurance, international comparisons of health care systems, hospital performance, medical technology, and physician shortages. A frequent commentator on radio and TV, Esmail's articles have appeared in newspapers across North America. Esmail completed his B.A. (Honours) in Economics at the University of Calgary and received an M.A. in Economics from the University of British Columbia.
Tawni Ferrarini, Senior FellowTawni Ferrarini is the Sam M. Cohodas Professor of the Center for Economic Education and Entrepreneurship at Northern Michigan University (NMU). A regular contributor to Fraser Institute teacher workshops and student seminars, Ferrarini's teaching and research focus on the use of technology in the classroom and the integration of economics across subjects and settings. Ferrarini visits Japan annually to help grow the country's Council for Economic Education; for this and other work, the U.S. Council for Economic Education honored her with the 2012 Albert Beekhuis Center Award. She was the inaugural recipient of the 2009 National Association of Economic Educator's Abbejean Kehler Technology Award and a 2009 recipient of an NMU Distinguished Faculty Award. She is a co-author of Common Sense Economics: What Everyone Should Know about Wealth and Prosperity, and her work regularly appears in academic journals as well as popular press. Ferrarini earned her doctorate in Economics from Washington University, where she studied under Nobel Laureate Douglass C. North.
Tom Flanagan, Senior FellowTom Flanagan is a Professor of Political Science at the University of Calgary and a fellow of the Royal Society of Canada. He has written extensively on Canadian politics and history. His most recent book, First Nations? Second Thoughts (2000), won the Donner Prize for the best book on public policy and the Donald Smiley Prize for the best book on Canadian government and politics in its year of publication.
Jonathan Fortier, Senior FellowJonathan Fortier earned his M.Phil. and his doctorate at the University of Oxford, where he worked on the idea of liberty and personal responsibility as they find expression in English literature. He is interested in the moral foundations of free markets and many other ideas central to understanding and protecting personal freedom (individual rights, private property, rule of law, spontaneous order, decentralization). Fortier was a Fellow with Liberty Fund for three years and was Senior Director of Academic Initiatives at the Institute for Humane Studies in Washington, D.C. Since 1997 he has taught at various Oxford Colleges, and lectured at several Universities in North America. In addition to his work with the Fraser Institute, he is active as a consultant and guest lecturer.
Glenn Fox, Senior FellowGlenn Fox, an agricultural and natural resource economist, has been a member of the Department of Food, Agricultural, and Resource Economics at the University of Guelph since 1985 and served as acting department chairman from 2001-2002. His research interests include property rights and natural resource stewardship, regulatory takings, trade and environment, technological change, and transaction costs. Fox previously taught economics at the University of Western Ontario. He completed a Ph.D. in Agricultural Economics at the University of Minnesota in 1985.
Todd Gabel, Senior FellowTodd Gabel is an Assistant Professor of Economics at Middle Tennessee State University. An expert in the field of U.S. and Canadian social policy, with a particular focus on welfare, Gabel was an intern at the Fraser Institute before earning his Ph.D. in economics from the University of Texas (Dallas). His articles have been published in the National Post, Vancouver Sun, and Fraser Forum. Gabel earned a B.Sc. from Simon Fraser University and an M.Sc. from the University of Texas before completing his Ph.D.
Gordon Gibson, Senior FellowGordon Gibson received his B.A. (Honours) in Mathematics & Physics from the University of British Columbia and his MBA from Harvard Business School, followed by research work at the London School of Economics. His current areas of study include federalism, governance, and aboriginal/non-aboriginal relations. Gibson has also written Fraser Institute books and monographs that include Plan B: The Future of the Rest of Canada, Thirty Million Musketeers, Fixing Canadian Democracy, Comments on the Draft Nisga’a Treaty, A Principled Analysis of the Nisga’a Treaty, Principles for Treaties, and his most recent study, Challenges in Senate Reform: Conflicts of Interest, Unintended Consequences, New Possibilities. In 2002, he was commissioned by the B.C. Government to design the Citizens' Assembly on Electoral Reform. His report was substantially adopted (with amendments as to size) and the Assembly process is now successfully completed. The Assembly architecture is currently the subject of extensive world-wide study as an innovative technique in tackling difficult public policy problems. His columns appear frequently in the Vancouver Sun, Winnipeg Free Press, and the Globe and Mail. He has served as Assistant to the Minister of Northern Affairs, then Executive and later Special Assistant to the Prime Minister, and then ran in three federal elections. In addition, he was elected twice to the B.C. Legislature and served as both MLA and Leader of the British Columbia Liberal Party. He is currently on the Board and Chair of the Audit Committee of the Westshore Terminals Income Fund.
Steven Globerman, Senior FellowSteven Globerman is the Kaiser Professor of International Business and Director of the Center for International Business at Western Washington University. Previously, he held tenured appointments at Simon Fraser University and York University and has been a visiting professor at the University of California, University of British Columbia, Stockholm School of Economics, Copenhagen School of Business, and the Helsinki School of Economics. He has published more than 150 articles and monographs and is the author of the book The Impacts of 9/11 on Canada-U.S. Trade as well as a textbook on international business management. In the early 1990s, he was responsible for coordinating Fraser Institute research on the North American Free Trade Agreement. In addition, Globerman has served as a researcher for two Canadian Royal Commissions on the economy as well as a research advisor to Investment Canada on the subject of foreign direct investment. He has also hosted management seminars for policymakers across North America and Asia. Globerman was a founding member of the Association for Cultural Economics and is currently a member of the American and Canadian Economics Associations, the Academy of International Business, and the Academy of Management. He earned his B.A. in Economics from Brooklyn College, his M.A. from the University of California, Los Angeles, and his Ph.D. from New York University.
Wilf Gobert, Senior FellowPrior to joining the Fraser Institute, Wilf Gobert held positions as Principal, Director, Vice-Chairman, and Managing Director of Research for Peters & Co. Limited. Founded in 1971, Peters & Co. is an independent, fully integrated investment firm which has specialized for 35 years in investments in the Canadian oil, natural gas, and oilfield services industries. Gobert has been an oil industry financial analyst since 1976 and consistently ranked among the top ten analysts in the industry. Throughout his career at Peters, Gobert’s responsibilities included research analysis of Integrated Oil companies and Senior Producers. He has advised the Government of Alberta on the National Energy Program and the Government of Newfoundland on the Hibernia oilfield development. He is a former member of the Alberta Securities Commission, Financial Advisory Committee. Gobert has a B.Sc. (Honours) degree in Mathematics from the University of Windsor, an M.B.A. from McMaster University, and a CFA designation.
John R. Graham, Senior FellowJohn R. Graham is a Senior Fellow with the Fraser Institute as well as a Senior Fellow of the National Center for Policy Analysis and an Adjunct Scholar of the Mackinac Center for Public Policy. He is also a contributor to The Apothecary blog at Forbes.com. Graham served as Vice-President of AdvaMed, the Advanced Medical Technology Association, until June 2013. Previously, he was the Director of Health Care Studies at the Pacific Research Institute in San Francisco, California from May 2005 through July 2012. He is also the former Director of Health & Pharmaceutical Studies at the Fraser Institute. He was an infantry officer in the Canadian Army, serving in Canada, Cyprus, and Germany. Graham served on the institutional sales and trading teams of Goldman Sachs in Frankfurt, Germany, and Kidder, Peabody in London, England. Graham received his M.B.A. from the London Business School (England) and his B.A. (with Honours) in Economics & Commerce from the Royal Military College of Canada. He is a Chartered Alternative Investment Analyst (CAIA Charterholder) and is an affiliate member of the CFA Society of Washington, D.C., having completed all three levels of the CFA (Chartered Financial Analyst) program.
Herbert Grubel, Senior FellowHerbert G. Grubel is Emeritus Professor of Economics from Simon Fraser University in British Columbia. He has a B.A. from Rutgers University and a Ph.D. in Economics from Yale University. He has taught full-time at Stanford University, the University of Chicago, and the University of Pennsylvania. He has also had temporary appointments at universities in Berlin, Singapore, Cape Town, Nairobi, Oxford, and Canberra. Grubel was the Reform Party Member of Parliament for Capilano-Howe Sound from 1993 to 1997, serving as the Finance Critic from 1995 to 1997. He has published 16 books and 180 professional articles in economics dealing with international trade and finance and a wide range of economic policy issues.
James D. Gwartney, Senior FellowJames D. Gwartney holds the Gus A. Stavros Eminent Scholar Chair at Florida State University, where he directs the Stavros Center for the Advancement of Free Enterprise and Economic Education. He is the coauthor of Economics: Private and Public Choice (Cengage/South-Western Press, 2015), a widely used text on the principles of economics that is now in its15th edition. He is also coauthor of an economics primer, Common Sense Economics: What Everyone Should Know about Wealth and Prosperity (St. Martin’s Press, 2010). His publications have appeared in both professional journals and popular media such as the Wall Street Journal and the New York Times. He served as Chief Economist of the Joint Economic Committee of the US Congress from 1999 to 2000. In 2004, he was the recipient of the Adam Smith Award of the Association of Private Enterprise Education for his contribution to the advancement of free-market ideals. He is a past President of the Southern Economic Association and the Association for Private Enterprise Education. His Ph.D. in economics is from the University of Washington.
Csaba Hajdu, Senior FellowCsaba Hajdu is the principal of Paprika Consulting Inc., which provides economic research and statistical services primarily for the forestry industry in Western Canada. He earned his B.A. (Honours) and M.A. degrees in Economics from Simon Fraser University, as well as a diploma in forestry from his native Hungary. He has engaged in doctoral studies in economics at the University of Western Ontario and Simon Fraser University. Hajdu has worked in the forestry industry over a 35-year career as an economist. He was the Director of Research for two associations: Forest Industrial Relations, FIR, and the Pulp and Paper Employee Relations Forum, PPERF (1978-2004). Prior to that, Hajdu was Chief Economist of MacMillan Bloedel (1970-78) and Research Economist at Hedlin Menzies and Associates (1969-70). His work involves analyzing issues affecting the forestry industry in logging, sawmilling, and pulp and paper. He comments on market conditions, profitability, investment, productivity, and labour costs. As well, he authors or contributes to government submissions and represents the industry publicly in Canada and internationally, and has served on many industry committees.
Joshua C. Hall, Senior FellowJoshua Hall is an associate professor of economics and co-director of the Center for Free Enterprise in the College of Business and Economics at West Virginia University. He earned his bachelor and master degrees in economics from Ohio University and his Ph.D. from West Virginia University in 2007. Prior to returning to his alma mater, he was the Elbert H. Neese, Jr. Professor of Economics at Beloit College. He is currently serving as the President of the Association of Private Enterprise Education. He is author of over 50 articles in journals such as Contemporary Economic Policy, Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, Journal of Labor Research, Southern Economic Journal, Public Finance Review, and Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory.
Michael Harris, Senior FellowMichael Harris became the 22nd Premier of Ontario following a landslide election victory in June 1995. His plan — the Common Sense Revolution — struck a chord with people across the province who were tired of big government, wasteful spending, rising welfare rolls, and rising unemployment. In his first term as Premier of Ontario, he proved that he was not afraid to make tough choices needed to put Ontario back on track. Four years later the voters of Ontario re-elected Harris, making him the first Ontario Premier in more than 30 years to form a second consecutive majority government. He then served the people of Ontario until 2002.
David R. Henderson, Senior FellowDavid R. Henderson is an Associate Professor of Economics at the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, California, and a research fellow with the Hoover Institution at Stanford University. Henderson is a widely respected public policy expert and educator. He is also the editor of The Concise Encyclopedia of Economics, a comprehensive but accessible summary of economics. Born and raised in Canada, Henderson earned a B.Sc. degree in Mathematics from the University of Winnipeg before heading south to complete his Ph.D. in Economics at the University of California, Los Angeles. He is a frequent contributor to the Wall Street Journal and was previously a frequent contributor to Fortune. He has also written scholarly articles for the Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, Journal of Monetary Economics, Cato Journal, Regulation, Contemporary Policy Issues, and Energy Journal. Henderson served as a senior economist on President Reagan's Council of Economic Advisers from 1982 to 1984, specializing in energy and health policy.
Steven Horwitz, Senior FellowSteven Horwitz is the Charles A. Dana Professor of Economics and department chair at St. Lawrence University in Canton, New York. He is the author of two books — Monetary Evolution, Free Banking, and Economic Order and Microfoundations and Macroeconomics: An Austrian Perspective. He has written extensively on political economy, economic and social theory of the family, monetary theory, and macroeconomics. Horwitz also conducted nationally recognized research on the role of the private sector during Hurricane Katrina for the Mercatus Center, where he is an Affiliated Senior Scholar. Horwitz is highly engaged in social media and contributes frequently to the blogs "Coordination Problem" and "Bleeding Heart Libertarians." He is also a contributing editor at The Freeman and has served as a visiting scholar at the Social Philosophy and Policy Center at Bowling Green State University. In 2010, Horwitz was awarded the Hayek Prize by the Fund for the Study of Spontaneous Order; at St. Lawrence University, he was granted the Frank P. Piskor Lectureship for 1998-99 and received the J. Calvin Keene Award in 2003. Horwitz has lectured across the U.S., Canada, Europe, and South America. He completed his M.A. and Ph.D. in Economics at George Mason University and received a B.A. in Economics and Philosophy from the University of Michigan.
Jerry Jordan, Senior FellowJerry Jordan is president of the Pacific Academy for Advance Studies and the former president and CEO of the Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland. Jordan holds a Ph.D. in Economics from U.C.L.A. and has worked in government, academia, and commercial banking. He is a member of the Mont Pelerin Society, was a member of President Ronald Reagan’s Council of Economic Advisers, and served on the board of directors of the National Association of Business Economists and the U.S. Gold Commission.
Lynne Kiesling, Senior FellowLynne Kiesling is a Distinguished Senior Lecturer in Economics at Northwestern University and is widely acknowledged as a leader in energy economics, particularly electrical power. Her research focuses on the effect of regulatory institutions and their incentives on innovation and technological change. She teaches classes in microeconomics, antitrust and regulation, environmental economics, and history of economic thought. Kiesling has served as a peer reviewer for the U.S. Department of Energy and the National Science Foundation, and for academic journals including Energy Journal, Public Choice, and Review of Economics and Statistics. She has provided expert testimony in proceedings before the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, the California Public Utilities Commission, the Illinois Commerce Commission, and the New York Public Service Commission, and also served as a member (and is currently an emerita member) of the GridWise Architecture Council. Kiesling writes about economics as the editor/owner of the website www.knowledgeproblem.com. She has a Ph.D. in Economics from Northwestern University and a B.S. in Economics from Miami University, Oxford, Ohio.
Stephen Kirchner, Senior FellowStephen Kirchner is a research fellow at Australia's Centre for Independent Studies. An expert in monetary and fiscal policy, financial markets, and trade economics, Kirchner was an economist with Action Economics, LLC, and a former director of economic research with Standard & Poor's Institutional Market Services, based in Sydney and Singapore. He has also worked as an advisor to members of the Australian House of Representatives and Senate. Kirchner holds a B.A. (Hons) from the Australian National University, a Master of Economics (Hons) from Macquarie University, and a Ph.D. in Economics from the University of New South Wales. He blogs at www.institutional-economics.com and is active on Twitter (@insteconomics).
Rainer Knopff, Senior FellowRainer Knopff received his B.C. from McMaster University and his M.A. and Ph.D. from the University of Toronto. His research interests include public law, civil liberties, and political thought. He is the author and co-author of several books, including The New War on Discrimination, with Tom Flanagan, Federalism and the Charter: Leading Constitutional Decisions, with Peter H. Russell and F. L. Morton, and The Charter Revolution and the Court Party, also with F. L. Morton. His current projects include Courting Controversy, a book that explores the rhetorical strategies used by courts to manage highly contentious public issues.
Marc Law, Senior FellowMarc Law is an Associate Professor of Economics at the University of Vermont. An applied micro-economist with interests in regulation, political economy, and economic history, Law's research focuses on the regulation of food, drugs, and advertising as well as occupational licensing laws. He has published papers in the Journal of Economic History; Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization; and Journal of Law and Economics. He holds a Ph.D. from Washington University at St. Louis and M.A. degrees from Washington University and Queen's University.
Robert A. Lawson, Senior FellowRobert Lawson holds the Jerome M. Fullinwider Endowed Centennial Chair in Economic Freedom in the O’Neil Center for Global Markets and Freedom in the Cox School of Business at Southern Methodist University. He has numerous professional publications in journals such as Public Choice, Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, Cato Journal, Kyklos, Journal of Labor Research, Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics, and European Journal of Political Economy. Mr. Lawson has served as president of the Association of Private Enterprise Education and is a member of the Mont Pelerin Society. He earned his B.S. in economics from the Honors Tutorial College at Ohio University and his M.S. and Ph.D. in economics from Florida State University.
Danny Le Roy, Senior FellowDanny Le Roy is an Associate Professor of Economics at the University of Lethbridge. He specializes in agricultural economics and has completed research on such critical agricultural issues as livestock production and trade, commodity pricing, and emerging markets for irrigation water. Le Roy has served as an executive member of the Canadian Agricultural Economics Society, the Alberta Agricultural Economics Association, and the Tiffin Conference Organizing Committee. He has published in and reviewed papers for the Canadian Journal of Economics, Current Agriculture, Food and Research Issues, Canadian Public Policy, and Western Economic Forum. He received his B.A. (Honours) in Economics from Carleton University and his M.Sc. and Ph.D. in Agricultural Economics from the University of Guelph.
Kristina Lybecker, Senior FellowKristina Lybecker is an Associate Professor of Economics at Colorado College in Colorado Springs. Her research focuses largely on issues related to intellectual property (IP) rights protection with a particular focus on pharmaceutical-related IP. Lybecker's recent publications include an evaluation of Canada's IP protection for pharmaceutical products based on international best practices, as well as examinations of alternatives to the existing patent system and the balance between pharmaceutical patent protection and access to essential medicines. She has testified in more than a dozen U.S. states on the economics of pharmaceutical counterfeiting and at the recent Trans-Pacific Partnership trade negotiations on the economics of access to medicine. Lybecker has also worked with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, the OECD, and the World Bank on issues of innovation and international trade. She earned a B.A. from Macalester College and received her Ph.D. in Economics from the University of California, Berkeley.
Preston Manning, Senior FellowPreston Manning served as a Member of the Canadian Parliament from 1993 to 2001. He founded two new political parties—the Reform Party of Canada and the Canadian Reform Conservative Alliance—both of which became the official Opposition in the Canadian Parliament. Manning served as Leader of the Opposition from 1997 to 2000 and was also his party’s critic for Science and Technology. Since retirement from Parliament in 2002, Manning has released a book entitled Think Big (published by McClelland & Stewart) describing his use of the tools and institutions of democracy to change Canada’s national agenda. He has also served as a Senior Fellow of the Canada West Foundation and as a Distinguished Visitor at the University of Calgary and University of Toronto. Manning is currently a Senior Fellow of the Fraser Institute, where he has co-authored the Canada Strong and Free series of books. He is also President and CEO of the Manning Centre for Building Democracy (http://www.manningcentre.ca/), a national not-for-profit organization supporting research, educational, and communications initiatives designed to achieve a more democratic society in Canada guided by conservative principles.
Ross McKitrick, Senior FellowRoss R. McKitrick is a Professor of Economics at the University of Guelph and Senior Fellow of the Fraser Institute. He specializes in environmental economics. He has published many studies on the economic analysis of pollution policy, economic growth and air pollution trends, climate policy options, the measurement of global warming, and statistical methods in paleoclimatology. His latest book is Economic Analysis of Environmental Policy, published by University of Toronto Press (Fall 2010). He has also published numerous invited book chapters, newspaper and magazine essays, and think-tank reports. In 2003, his (coauthored) book, Taken by Storm: The Troubled Science, Policy and Politics of Global Warming, won the $10,000 Donner Prize for the best book on Canadian public policy. McKitrick has been cited in media around the world as an expert on the science and policy of global warming. He has made invited academic presentations in Canada, the United States, and Europe, and has testified before the U.S. Congress and the Canadian Parliamentary Finance and Environment Committees. In 2006, he was one of 12 experts from around the world asked to brief a panel of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences on paleoclimate reconstruction methodology.
Jean-Luc Migué, Senior FellowJean-Luc Migué (Ph.D., American University, Washington, D.C.) has been Professor of Economics at the School of Public Administration at Laval University, researcher at the Bank of Canada and at the Economic Council of Canada, and Chairman of the Editorial Board at the Montreal Economic Institute. In 1994, he received the Silver Medal of the Sir Antony Fisher Memorial Award for his book on Federalism and Free Trade, published by the Institute of Economic Affairs in London, Great Britain. He has contributed numerous articles to national and foreign journals, including the Canadian Journal of Economics, l'Actualité économique, Cato Journal, Journal of Law and Economics, La Revue économique, Public Choice, La Revue Française de Finances Publiques, Hacienda Publica Espanola, and le Journal des Économistes et des Études Humaines. He is a member of the Mont Pelerin Society and a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada.
Lydia Miljan, Senior FellowLydia Miljan is currently an Associate Professor in the department of Political Science at the University of Windsor. She was Director of the Fraser Institute’s Alberta Policy Research Centre and the National Media Archive from 1988 to 2001. She holds a Ph.D. in Political Science from the University of Calgary, specializing in politics and the media. One of her first studies at the Fraser Institute was a controversial content analysis of CBC television and the Globe and Mail’s coverage of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). Since that initial study, she has conducted over 80 content analyses on television, radio, and newspaper coverage of public-policy issues. Professor Miljan’s analysis of issues ranging from free trade to privatization, from health care to women’s issues, and from elections to referendum campaigns, has made her a most sought-after media critic. This body of work has been printed in almost every newspaper in the country, and she has been a guest on many open-line talk shows and television programs in Canada and the United States. Professor Miljan’s tenure at the Archive has received international recognition as well.
Mark Milke, Senior Fellow
Mark Milke is Senior Fellow at the Fraser Institute. A long-time contributor to the Institute, Milke is the author of four books on Canadian politics and policy and dozens of studies on topics such as property rights, public sector pensions, corporate welfare, competition policy, aboriginal matters, and taxes. Milke is the former research director for the Frontier Centre for Public Policy and former B.C. and Alberta director with the Canadian Taxpayers’ Federation. His work has been published widely in Canada since 1997, and in addition to the Fraser Institute, his papers have been published in the United States by the American Enterprise Institute, the Competitive Enterprise Institute, and the Heritage Foundation and in Europe by the Brussels-based Centre for European Studies. Milke is a Saturday columnist for the Calgary Herald. In addition, his columns appear in the National Post, Globe and Mail, Reader’s Digest, Edmonton Journal, Montreal Gazette, Vancouver Sun, Vancouver Province, Victoria Times Colonist, and the Sun newspaper chain. Milke has a Master’s degree from the University of Alberta, where his M.A. thesis analyzed human rights in East Asia; he also has a Ph.D. in Political Science from the University of Calgary, where his doctoral dissertation analyzed the rhetoric of Canadian-American relations. Milke is chairman of the editorial board of Canada’s journal of ideas, C2C Journal, president of Civitas, and a past lecturer in Political Philosophy and International Relations at the University of Calgary.
Alexander Moens, Senior FellowAlexander Moens is a Professor of International Relations at Simon Fraser University. Moens focuses on the strategic political assessment of executive and legislative decision-making in the United States, focusing on those areas that affect Canada, particularly in the area of trade. Moens has published books and articles on American presidential decision-making, and on North American and European security issues. In 1992, he served in the Policy Planning Staff of Canada’s Foreign Affairs Department, and in the spring of 1999 he was a visiting fellow at the National Defense University in Washington, D.C. He is also a researcher with the Council for Canadian Security in the 21st Century. In addition, he has conducted various research projects supported by NATO, the European Union, the Foreign and Defence Departments of Canada, and the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada. Moens holds a Ph.D. in Political Science from the University of British Columbia, an M.A. in Political Science from McMaster University, and a B.A. (with distinction) from the University of Lethbridge.
Robert P. Murphy, Senior FellowRobert P. Murphy is a Senior Fellow at the Fraser Institute. He earned his PhD in economics from New York University. He taught for three years at Hillsdale College before entering the financial sector, working for Laffer Associates on research papers as well as portfolio management. Dr. Murphy is now the president of Consulting By RPM and runs the economics blog Free Advice. He is the co-author (along with Jason Clemens, Milagros Palacios, and Niels Veldhuis) of the 2014 Fraser book, Economic Principles for Prosperity. Some of Murphy's other book titles include Choice: Cooperation, Enterprise, and Human Action (Independent Institute, 2015), The Politically Incorrect Guide to Capitalism (Regnery, 2007), and Lessons for the Young Economist (Mises Institute, 2010). He has also written hundreds of economics articles for the layperson, and has given numerous radio and television interviews on such outlets as Fox Business and CNBC.
Robert Ouellet, Senior FellowRobert Ouellet is a radiologist based in Laval, Québec. He was President of the Quebec Medical Association from 2005 to 2007, served as President of the Canadian Medical Association (CMA) from 2008 to 2009, and later served as the Canadian representative at the World Medical Association. As president of the CMA, Ouellet championed health policy reforms, including patient cost-sharing and private-sector involvement to reduce government spending and surgical wait times in Canada. He conducted a fact-finding tour of five European countries and met with 35 organizations to study ways to eliminate inefficiencies in the Canadian health care system. Ouellet has worked in both the private and the public health sectors for the past 25 years. In 1987, while Chief of Radiology at Cité de la Santé in Laval, he opened the first private CT-scan clinic in Canada. In 1997 and 2000, he opened two MRI clinics in Laval.
Filip Palda, Senior FellowFilip Palda is full Professor at the École nationale d'administration publique. He earned his Ph.D. in Economics at the University of Chicago. He has written two books for the Fraser Institute (Election Finance Regulation in Canada: A Critical Review, and Home on the Urban Range: An Idea Map for Reforming the City) as well as co-authoring three Tax Facts books and pioneering for the Fraser Institute, along with Isabella Horry, the survey method of estimating tax incidence. He is also editor of five Fraser Institute books (Essays in Canadian Surface Transportation, Its no Gamble: The Economic and Social Benefits of Stock Markets, L'État interventionniste : le gouvernement provincial et l'économie du Québec, Provincial Trade Wars: Why the Blockade Must End, and The New Federalist), and the author of over a hundred Fraser Forum articles as well as the author of the Public Policy Source paper "The History of Tobacco Regulation: Forward to the Past." He has written a dozen articles in the National Post, has published with the World & I, and been featured as cover author for Next City magazine. In addition to his work for the Fraser Institute, Palda is the author of more than 20 articles in refereed economic journals and is a high-scoring author on the RepEc website of economic working papers. He is best known for his work on exposing the self-interest politicians hold in crafting election finance laws and for his discovery of the displacement deadweight loss of tax evasion.
Sandra Peart, Senior FellowSandra Peart became the fourth dean of the Jepson School of Leadership Studies (University of Richmond) in 2007 and is a director of the annual Summer Institute for the History of Economic Thought. Previously, she was a visiting scholar at the Center for Study of Public Choice at George Mason University. A distinguished scholar with special expertise in the history of economic thought and political economy, Peart has authored or edited six books, including The "Vanity of the Philosopher" and The Street Porter and the Philosopher: Essays on Egalitarian Economics. She has also written numerous journal articles on topics such as ethics and economics, rationality, utilitarianism, race and eugenics, the transition to "modern" economics, and leadership in pubic goods experiments. Much of her research interest focuses on the central issue of coordination among individuals. Peart completed her Ph.D. studies in Economics at the University of Toronto and has received numerous awards and research grants: in 2005-06, she was a fellow of the American Council on Education, and in 2009 she joined the board of Directors for LEAD VIRGINIA.
Nigel Rawson, Senior FellowNigel Rawson is a pharmacoepidemiologist, pharmaceutical policy researcher, and President of Eastlake Research Group in Oakville, Ontario. He has also been a Sessional Faculty member in the DeGroote School of Business at McMaster University. Educated in the United Kingdom, he holds an M.Sc. in Statistics from the University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne and a PhD in Pharmacoepidemiology from the University of Southampton. Rawson has performed epidemiologic studies of the use of drugs and their outcomes for over 30 years and published more than 100 book chapters and articles in peer-reviewed journals. He held academic research positions in the Universities of London and Southampton in the United Kingdom until the end of 1989, when he became a research scientist at the University of Saskatchewan and later Merck Frosst/MRC Research Professor in Pharmacoepidemiology. He was subsequently Professor of Pharmacoepidemiology at Memorial University of Newfoundland. His research activities focused on population-based studies of the use and safety of drugs using administrative healthcare utilization data and the evaluation of issues impacting access to new drugs. Rawson has also been a senior researcher in the Center for Health Care Policy and Evaluation, an independent research team in United Health Group (one of the largest health insurers in the United States), where he collaborated with the Food and Drug Administration on drug safety studies, and GlaxoSmithKline’s only epidemiologist in Canada providing advice and analysis for the company’s current and developing medicines and vaccines. Rawson established Eastlake Research Group in 2012 with a mission to create data-driven responses to pharmaceutical and health policy issues.
Chris Sarlo, Senior FellowChristopher A. Sarlo is Associate Professor of Economics at Nipissing University in North Bay, Ontario. He is the author of Measuring Poverty in Canada (2001) and Poverty in Canada (1992, 1996a). He is also a regular contributor to Fraser Forum and has published a number of articles and reports on the issue of poverty.
David Schmidtz, Senior FellowDavid Schmidtz is the Kendrick Professor of Philosophy and a joint Professor of Economics at the University of Arizona, where he is also the founding director of Arizona's Freedom Center and editor of the journal Social Philosophy and Policy. Schmidtz is the author of numerous books, including Elements of Justice. He holds a courtesy appointment at the McGuire Center for Entrepreneurship in the Eller College of Management and has taught at Yale and Florida State College of Law. He has also been a Research Fellow at various institutions, including the Maurice Young Centre for Applied Ethics at UBC. He received a Ph.D. in Philosophy from the University of Arizona, M.A. degrees in Economics and Philosophy from the University of Arizona, and undergraduate degrees from the University of Saskatchewan and the University of Calgary.
Pierre Simard, Senior FellowPierre Simard is a Professor of Social Sciences at École nationale d’administration publique (ENAP) in Quebec City. One of Quebec’s staunchest and most vocal supporters of prosperity through reliance on markets rather than government, Simard is a frequent commentator on economic and public policy issues in French Canadian media and has served as a research consultant to various public and private agencies. Prior to ENAP, Simard was a research professor at the Centre d'études politiques et administratives du Québec (CEPAQ). He holds a Bachelor’s degree in Economics, a Master’s degree in Policy Analysis, and a Ph.D. in Political Science, all from Université Laval.
Aeon J. Skoble, Senior FellowAeon J. Skoble is a Professor of Philosophy at Bridgewater State University in Massachusetts. Widely regarded for his innovative methods of teaching economic key concepts and the philosophy behind markets and voluntary exchange, Skoble has frequently lectured and written for the U.S.-based Institute for Humane Studies and the Foundation for Economic Education. He is the author of The Simpsons and Philosophy and Deleting the State: An Argument about Government. Skoble received a B.A. from the University of Pennsylvania and his M.A. and Ph.D. from Temple University.
Cornelis "Kees" van Kooten, Senior FellowCornelis "Kees" van Kooten holds the Canada Research Chair in Environmental Studies and Climate at the University of Victoria. His research interest focuses on natural resource economics and management, and issues related to the economics of climate change. At the University of Victoria, van Kooten is responsible for one of the world's few softwood lumber trade models, and leads interdisciplinary studies on economic factors related to land use, carbon offsets, water use, energy, agriculture, forestry, and wildlife. He has published nine books and more than 200 academic articles. Van Kooten is the recipient of numerous academic and professional awards, including being named a Fellow of the Canadian Agricultural Economics Society. He received a B.Sc. in Geophysics from the University of Alberta, an M.A. in Economics from the University of Alberta, and a Ph.D. in Agricultural & Resource Economics from Oregon State University.
Joel Wood, Senior FellowJoel Wood is an Assistant Professor of Economics at Thompson Rivers University and the former Associate Director of Environment and Risk and Regulation Policy at the Fraser Institute. He has a Master’s degree in Economics and a Ph.D. in Economics from the University of Guelph, under the supervision of Ross McKitrick. Wood completed his undergraduate studies in Economics at the University of British Columbia. His areas of research interest include environmental economics, energy economics, natural resource economics, applied econometrics, applied microeconomics, and public policy.
Moin Yahya, Senior FellowMoin Yahya is an Associate Professor of Law at the University of Alberta, where he has been teaching since 2003. His research interests include law and economics, with a particular focus on utilities and securities regulation. Before attending law school, Yahya was employed with Industry Canada's Competition Bureau, where he worked on various merger and civil non-merger issues. He has also been a member of the Alberta Utilities Commission and the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada. Yahya has an M.A. in Economics from the University of Alberta, a Ph.D. in Economics from the University of Toronto, and a J.D. (Summa Cum Laude) from George Mason University School of Law, where he was a Robert A. Levy Fellow in Law and Liberty.
Paul Zak, Senior FellowPaul Zak is a Professor of Economics, Department Chair, and founding Director of the Center for Neuroeconomics Studies at Claremont Graduate University in California. He also serves as Professor of Neurology at Loma Linda University Medical Center and is a Senior Researcher at UCLA. Credited with the first published use of the term "neuroeconomics," Zak has pioneered this new discipline that integrates neuroscience and economics. In 2004, his lab discovered that an ancient chemical in our brains, oxytocin, allows us to determine whom to trust; this knowledge is being used to understand the basis for modern civilizations and modern economies, improve negotiations, and treat patients with neurologic and psychiatric disorders. Zak organized and administers the world's first doctoral program in neuroeconomics. He has degrees in mathematics and economics from San Diego State University, a Ph.D. in Economics from the University of Pennsylvania, and post-doctoral training in neuroimaging from Harvard.