A Step in the Right Direction(2)
Nova Scotia Premier Rodney MacDonald should be applauded for his openness to a greater role for private competition in health care. Specifically, Premier MacDonald said in his State of the Province address that the provincial government was moving towards a greater role for the private sector in the delivery of publicly funded health services.
For far too long, Canada has been out of step with the rest of the industrialized world in its steadfast opposition to tapping into the competitive market for solutions to our health care woes, to the detriment of both patients and taxpayers alike.
Consider for a moment what Canadians receive in return for this steadfast commitment to the status quo. Among the 28 developed nations that have universal health insurance programs, Canada ranks third in age-adjusted health care spending as a percentage of GDP. At the same time, Canadians endure relatively poor access to physicians and medical technologies, while wait times for health care in Canada are not just unacceptably long but are among the longest in the developed world.
Perhaps a closer look at why other countries are getting more for less is in order.
Take Sweden for example, often thought of as a Mecca of socialist thought. The health care program in that country has long been taking advantage of competitive markets. In the mid-1990s, the Swedes began to rely on private management and operation of health care facilities. In fact, one of the largest hospitals in Stockholm, St. Gorans, is privately operated by a for-profit company and competes with public hospitals for public dollars. In addition, the Swedes encourage competition by paying hospitals on the basis of services actually provided. The effect is that hospitals actually have to worry about attracting patients and pay attention to what patients want and need. The end result is shorter wait times and more efficient delivery of health care services.
The Spaniards are also catching on to the benefits of private competition. A core part of their very successful wait time reduction program (which reduced average waits by roughly 68 per cent in the late 1990s) was publicly funded contracts with private providers.
More broadly, among the worlds 28 most developed nations that have universal health insurance coverage (including Canada), the majority allow private providers to deliver publicly funded services. More importantly, all of the nations that outperform Canada across several measures of mortality related to health system performance (Australia, Sweden, and Japan) employ private competitive providers in the delivery of publicly funded health care. This is also true in every one of those developed nations that have no waiting lists for medically necessary care (Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Japan, Luxembourg, and Switzerland).
All of the developed worlds top performing universal health insurance systems allow private competitive providers to deliver publicly funded health care services. The reasoning is simple: both economic research and international evidence have shown that the competitive private provision of services is more cost-efficient and produces a higher quality of care than the monopolistic public provision of services that exists in Canada.
No single solution to all of Canadas health care woes exists. However, in the interests of all Canadians, we need to look at what others are doing and adopt those policies that work best. Allowing private hospitals to compete for the delivery of publicly funded care is a proven policy that would improve the state of Medicare for all Canadians.
Premier MacDonalds willingness to sit down and take an honest look at those policies that have worked so well elsewhere in the developed world bodes well for both patients and taxpayers in Nova Scotia. While there are other reforms necessary to emulate the success of the developed worlds most effective and efficient universal access health insurance programs, a greater role for the private sector in Medicare is unquestionably a step forward for Canada.
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