The largest settlement to date is $43.3 billion for children on reserves taken into foster care by welfare authorities.
Even if negotiations on compensation begin, the courts have little guidance on how to evaluate several key factors.
Recent class actions demand payment not just for individuals but also for family members and entire communities.
Long delays have plagued efforts to establish mining in the region.
The treaty process in British Columbia recently received a major setback as a community in southern B.C. put its treaty implementation processes on hold.