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Canada replaced the Canada Assistance Program (CAP) and the Established Program Finance (EPF) with the Canada Health and Social Transfer (CHST). It provides a single block grant to provinces, with less federal conditions attached, to support post-secondary education, healthcare, and social assistance.

Similarly, in 1996, the US federal government replaced the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) program with the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA), effectively ending welfare as an entitlement program.