Kristina M.L. Acri, née Lybecker

Associate Professor of Economics, Colorado College

Kristina M.L. Acri, née Lybecker, Senior Fellow at the Fraser Institute, is an Associate Professor of Economics at Colorado College in Colorado Springs. Her research focuses largely on issues related to intellectual property (IP) rights protection with a particular focus on pharmaceutical-related IP.

Prof. Lybecker's recent publications include an evaluation of Canada's IP protection for pharmaceutical products based on international best practices, as well as examinations of alternatives to the existing patent system and the balance between pharmaceutical patent protection and access to essential medicines. She has testified in more than a dozen U.S. states on the economics of pharmaceutical counterfeiting and at the recent Trans-Pacific Partnership trade negotiations on the economics of access to medicine. Prof. Lybecker has also worked with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, the OECD, and the World Bank on issues of innovation and international trade.

She earned a B.A. from Macalester College and received her Ph.D. in Economics from the University of California, Berkeley.

Recent Research by Kristina M.L. Acri, née Lybecker

— Jul 9, 2020
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Biologics and Biosimilars: A Primer

Biologics and Biosimilars: A Primer finds that Canadian patient access to potentially life-saving biologic medicines is comparatively limited because Canada’s protection of intellectual property in the life sciences—including biology and biochemistry—lags behind other industrialized countries.

— Jul 11, 2019
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Universal Insurance for Pharmaceuticals in Switzerland and the Netherlands

Universal Insurance for Pharmaceuticals in Switzerland and the Netherlands is a new study that highlights positive reform lessons from Switzerland and the Netherlands—two countries that provide universal access to high-quality health care with shorter wait times, greater availability of medical resources, and often superior outcomes compared to Canada. And importantly, both countries also maintain universal coverage for pharmaceuticals.

— Dec 13, 2018
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The Unintended Consequences of National Pharmacare Programs: The Experiences of Australia, New Zealand, and the UK

The Unintended Consequences of National Pharmacare Programs in Australia, New Zealand and the UK finds that publicly-funded pharmacare schemes—similar to what some policymakers in Canada are considering—in other developed countries have resulted in reduced access to new drugs for patients, drug shortages, higher taxes and less pharmaceutical innovation.