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The Essential Enlightenment spotlights the intellectual and philosophical movement, based largely in Europe, that spawned the rise of reason and the scientific method.

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Who Earns the Minimum  Wage in Canada?

Who Earns the Minimum Wage in Canada? is a new study that finds despite misperceptions, raising the minimum wage would do little to reduce poverty in Canada. That’s because 92.3 per cent of minimum-wage earners in Canada don’t live in low-income families. In fact, the majority of minimum-wage earners in 2019 (the latest year of available data) were teenagers or young adults aged 15-24, many of whom live with their parents or other family members.

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Fiscal Explosion: Federal Spending on Indigenous  Programs, 2015–2022

Fiscal Explosion: Federal Spending on Indigenous Programs, 2015-2022 finds that since 2015 federal spending on Indigenous programs has skyrocketed from $12.4 billion to $24 billion—or by 94.3 per cent.

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Canadian Climate Policy and Its Implications for Electricity Grids

Canadian Climate Policy and its Implications for Electricity Grids is a new study that finds replacing coal-fired power in Canada with wind and solar (and building natural gas capacity as a backup source of power) would increase the costs of operating the electricity grid by between $16.8 billion and $33.7 billion a year, while reducing Canada’s greenhouse gas emissions by 7.4 per cent. Crucially, the 7.4 per cent emissions reduction would fall short of the federal government’s target to be 40 per cent to 45 per cent below 2005 emissions levels by 2030.

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Less Ottawa, More Province, 2021

Less Ottawa, More Province, 2021: How Decentralized Federalism is Key to Health Care Reform is a new study that examines two of the most important ongoing public policy challenges facing Canada: the deterioration of government finances, and the comparative underperformance of our health care system. Fundamental reform of Canada’s health care system can be achieved by replicating changes made by the Chretien government in the 1990s when Ottawa removed strings to federal funding for welfare, providing the provinces with more autonomy and flexibility.

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Prime Ministers and Government Spending: Updated 2021 Edition

Prime Ministers and Government Spending, Updated 2021 Edition is a new study that analyzes program spending by prime minister since Confederation, and finds that in 2020/21, federal program spending is expected to reach a minimum of $13,032 (inflation adjusted), which is 34.8 per cent higher than in 2019, pre-COVID, and 42.4 per cent higher than the level of spending recorded during 2009, a pronounced global recession.

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The Investment Outlook for the Canadian and US Oil and Gas Sectors: Evidence from Financial Metrics

The Investment Outlook for the Canadian and US Oil and Gas Sectors finds that Canada’s unfavourable business environment—which includes higher taxes, more regulation and lack of pipeline capacity—will likely continue to help divert oil and gas investments from Canada to the United States.