Effect of Federal Income Tax Changes on Canadian Families Who Are in the Bottom 20 Percent of Earners finds that the federal government’s tax changes, implemented since the 2015 election, have raised income taxes for the majority (61 per cent) of taxpaying Canadian families in the bottom 20 per cent of earners, which includes families with children with incomes up to $66,448.
Canada’s Aging Population and Implications for Government Finances finds that the aging population will put significant stress on government spending programs and could increase deficits for federal and provincial governments to an estimated $143 billion by 2045—three and a half times larger than total federal and provincial government deficits in 2017.
An Analysis of Federal Debt in Canada by Prime Ministers Since Confederation tracks the debt legacies of every Canadian prime minister and finds that Prime Minister Justin Trudeau is on track to increase per-person federal debt more than any other prime minister who didn’t face a world war or economic recession.
Measuring the Impact of Federal Personal Income Tax Changes on Middle Income Canadian Families finds that 81 per cent of middle-class families in Canada are paying higher income taxes due to changes made by the federal government. On average, middle-class families with children will pay $840 more in federal income taxes this year.
Canada’s Past Fiscal Leaders Are Now Fiscal Laggards: An Analysis of 2017 Provincial Budgets finds that Ontario and Alberta, which once boasted of having strong fiscal records, are now among the country’s most unsuccessful financial managers. And Quebec and Saskatchewan, which have both struggled in the past as weak fiscal performers, are now pursuing policies that are gradually improving the condition of their public finances.
Education Spending and Public Student Enrolment in Canada, 2017 finds that per-student spending in public schools increased in every province over the past decade (2004/05 to 2014/15), and across Canada, the average increase was 22.3 per cent (adjusted for inflation). In fact, education spending nationwide increased more than $17 billion, even though public school enrolment declined by 3.0 per cent over the same period.
Understanding the Increases in Education Spending in Public Schools in Canada, 2017 finds that public school spending across Canada increased by $17.5 billion over the past decade (2004/05 to 2014/15) and nearly eight out of every 10 dollars of increased funding was spent on teacher and staff compensation, including salaries, benefits and pensions.