Government Spending & Taxes

— Apr 6, 2017
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History and Development of Canada's Personal Income Tax

The History and Development of Canada’s Personal Income Tax: Zero to 50 in 100 years finds that the tax, which began as a small wartime revenue generator, has morphed into a costly, complex behemoth that’s difficult to administer and makes Canada uncompetitive. In fact, when compared to U.S. states, Canadian provinces have seven of the eight highest top combined rates, with Nova Scotia, Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick, P.E.I. and Manitoba all over 50 per cent.

— Mar 30, 2017
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Hold the Celebration

Hold the Celebration: A Balanced Budget Won’t End Ontario’s Fiscal Challenges finds that Ontario’s debt is expected to continue to grow—increasing by approximately $9 billion next year—despite the government’s promise to finally balance its budget next month. Currently, Ontario’s debt relative to the size of the provincial economy stands at approximately 40 per cent and is expected to hover close to this historically high level for the foreseeable future.

— Mar 28, 2017
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Quebec’s Daycare Program: A Flawed Policy Model

Quebec’s Daycare Program: A Flawed Policy Model finds that the province’s 20-year-old subsidized daycare program has produced skyrocketing costs along with worrying child development outcomes without eliminating wait times. Spending on a per-child basis—after adjusting for inflation—jumped 101.6 per cent since the program’s creation, from $4,874 in 1997 to $9,823 in 2016 (amounts in 2016 dollars).

— Mar 14, 2017
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Sustainability of Health Care Spending in Canada 2017

The Sustainability of Health Care Spending in Canada 2017 finds that health-care spending by provincial governments has increased by 116 per cent since 2001 and is projected to keep growing over the next 15 years. In fact, by 2031, health-care spending is projected to consume 42.6 per cent of all provincial program spending (on average), up from 40.1 per cent in 2016 and 37.6 percent in 2001.

— Mar 7, 2017
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End of the Chrétien Consensus? is a new book that examines the pro-growth policies of Prime Minister Jean Chrétien’s federal Liberal government, Premier Roy Romanow’s NDP government in Saskatchewan and Premier Ralph Klein’s Progressive Conservative government in Alberta. The foundation of economic prosperity that it created lasted for more than a decade.

— Mar 2, 2017
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Myths of Infrastructure Spending in Canada

Myths of Infrastructure Spending in Canada finds that only 11 cents of every dollar in new federal government infrastructure spending will be spent on highways, bridges, railways and ports—projects that can actually help improve Canada’s economy. It also dispels other myths about infrastructure spending in Canada. For instance, it finds that governments have in fact significantly increased infrastructure spending over the past 15 years, and the value of Canada’s total infrastructure is currently at the highest level in four decades.

— Feb 16, 2017
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Examining the Revenue Neutrality of British Columbia's Carbon Tax

Examining the Revenue Neutrality of British Columbia’s Carbon Tax finds that the tax is no longer revenue neutral, and could actually result in almost $900 million in higher taxes over a six-year period. These findings are especially important given the federal government’s requirement on the provinces to adopt a carbon pricing system by 2018, and the fact that proponents often tout B.C.’s carbon tax as a model to follow, in part because of its alleged revenue neutrality.

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