The project's estimated cost has ballooned from $5.4 billion to almost $31 billion.
crude oil pipeline
The pipeline carries 540,000 barrels of oil and natural gas liquids per day to Ontario’s four operating refineries in Sarnia.
The Northern Gateway project passed similar environmental scrutiny but was cancelled by the federal government.
Oil moved by rail is 4.5 times more likely to experience some kind of accident in transit than oil moved by pipeline.
Canada's crude oil reserves are the third-highest on Earth.
The oil and gas industry accounts for almost 8 per cent of Canada’s GDP.
Depressed prices for Canadian heavy crude oil cost Canada's energy industry C$20.6 billion in foregone revenues.
Bill C-69 overhauls the federal environmental-impact assessment process for resource projects.
The Trudeau government’s proposed Bill C-69 and Bill C-48 will impose further barriers to energy development.