The Court also mentioned the potential impact of oil tankers on killer whales.
The total spill volume from 2004 to 2017 equaled an estimated 0.00003 per cent of hydrocarbons moved through the four analyzed pipelines.
Pipelines are 4.5 times less likely to have an accident or incident than rail transport.
Prime Minister Trudeau emphasizes transport safety, environmental stewardship while greenlighting pipeline projects
According to rumour, President Obama is expected to issue the death knell for the Keystone XL pipeline before or during the Labour Day weekend.
Yet another train derailment involving petroleum products has re-invigorated the debate over how we transport oil in Canada. In this case, 17 cars on a train near Plaster Rock, New Brunswick, derailed; nine of which carried dangerous goods including crude oil and liquefied petroleum gas. According to recent reports, the cause of the derailment seems to involve a brake failure of some kind.