Progressive economists sought to exclude “unfit” workers—mostly women and minorities—from the labour market.
In countries where men and women’s economic rights are equally protected under the law, women live on average about nine years longer.
Saudi women must obtain permission from their guardians before they travel, go to university, get a job or get married.
Not surprisingly, low-ranking countries include Saudi Arabia, Jordan, the United Arab Emirates, Oman and Qatar.
In the quarter freest countries, women’s literacy is 92 per cent and men’s 95 per cent.