New Brunswick government should target government wages to save money
New Brunswick, like all Atlantic provinces, faces significant long-term fiscal challenges including an aging population, heavy reliance on federal transfers and high government debt interest costs.
To help manage these challenges and others that may arise, the Higgs government can exercise spending restraint. But any provincial government serious about spending restraint must pay careful attention to the government wage bill—the amount of money spent on the salaries and benefits of government employees. If the government can find ways to spend less on employee compensation, it may be able to save taxpayer money without compromising the quality of public services.
But according to new research published by the Fraser Institute, governments in Atlantic Canada may be overshooting the mark and (on average) paying a premium to employees above and beyond what comparable workers in the private sector earn. Moreover, non-wage benefits are more generous in government than in the private sector.
First, let’s look at wages. While there’s not enough wage data for New Brunswick alone to glean a reliable estimate for the province, the study estimates that government workers across Atlantic Canada earn 11.9 per cent (on average) more than similar private-sector workers. This analysis accounts for many variables including education attainment and job tenure. Clearly, regionwide, there’s a substantial pay premium between government and private-sector workers.
And while these data include federal, provincial and municipal employees, the provincial government does a significant portion of all public hiring in New Brunswick, so the Higgs government should carefully review its wage bill in light of this evidence to determine whether it’s paying above-market wages.
Now let’s look at non-wage benefits, with clearer data about the compensation gap between government and private-sector workers in New Brunswick. For example, government employees retire three years earlier (on average) than private-sector workers. And when they do retire, government employees are much more likely to be covered by a registered pension plan than other workers in the economy—86.8 per cent in the government sector versus 22.7 per cent in the private sector.
Private-sector workers in New Brunswick are also more likely to lose their jobs in any given year than government workers. And government workers in the province take more days off for personal reasons each year—5.4 days more (on average) in 2021, the latest available year of comparable data.
Of course, to deliver excellent public services, governments in New Brunswick must be competitive with other prospective employers. However, going beyond being competitive and actually paying a premium for labour puts a burden on taxpayers (and the province’s books) that won’t necessarily lead to better public services or outcomes.
New Brunswick faces several long-term fiscal risks. The pandemic and recession were stark reminders that there are other risks we can’t possibly predict. To strengthen public finances to cope with both predictable and unexpected challenges, the Higgs government should exercise careful spending restraint. The data suggest the government wage bill is a good place to find savings.