Ludger Schuknecht is the Head of the Fiscal Policy
Surveillance Section at the European Central Bank (ECB) in
Frankfurt, Germany. Before that he was an economist in the
Research and Analysis Division of the World Trade Organization
in Geneva. He studied economics in Munich, at George Mason
University in Virginia, and in Konstanz, Germany. Specializing
in international economics and political economy, he received
his Ph.D. from the University of Konstanz with the thesis,
Trade Protection in the European Community (Harwood Academic
He joined the International Monetary Fund (IMF) in 1992 and
worked in the African and Fiscal Affairs Departments. His most
prominent tasks there included helping to build the fiscal
administration in the West Bank and Gaza Strip and the joint
work on government reform with Vito Tanzi. He has published
articles on a range of issues, including expenditure, policies,
political business cycles, EU trade policy, financial services,
trade, and electronic commerce.
Since January 1997, he has been on leave from the IMF to work
at the World Trade Organization.
(Bio at the time of publication).