Ontario is roughly three times larger than both B.C. and Alberta.
optimal size of government
Government spending represented 40.4 per cent of the country's economy in 2019, up from 37.4 per cent in 2007.
When tax rates increase, people often change their economic behaviour in ways that shrink the targeted tax base.
In the last year of reliable data before the pandemic, government spending in Nova Scotia represented 60.2 per cent of the economy.
Subnational jurisdictions of around 9.5 million people seem to be the fastest-growing economies.
The Determinants of Subnational Economic Freedom: An Analysis of Data for Seven Countries with Implications for Optimal Jurisdiction Size
Nova Scotia recorded the largest government sector at 61.6 per cent of the economy, more than double the optimal size.
In 2018-19, per person federal program spending (adjusted for inflation) reached $8,869.