Other Research Topics

— Jul 13, 2021
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Generation and Management of Municipal Solid Waste: How’s Canada Doing?

Generation and Management of Municipal Solid Waste: How’s Canada Doing? is a new study that finds Canadians, on a per-person basis, generated 959 kilograms of municipal solid waste in 2018 compared to 980 kilograms in 2002. Crucially, waste from residential or household sources is on the rise, comprising more than 40 per cent of total waste generation, while waste generated from non-residential sources—industrial, commercial, etc.—has declined in Canada.

— May 18, 2021
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A Primer on Modern Monetary Theory

A Primer on Modern Monetary Theory is a new study that finds that if the Bank of Canada continues to finance government debt by printing money without a clear commitment to repayment—also known as Modern Monetary Theory (MMT)—it would pose enormous risks to the Canadian economy. Where MMT has been tried in the past, it has resulted in inflation, sometimes even hyper-inflation, with devastating consequences for domestic economies.

— Oct 29, 2020
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Reforming BC Auto Insurance to Benefit Consumers

Reforming BC Auto Insurance to Benefit Consumers finds that the Government of British Columbia’s ICBC reforms haven’t gone far enough and maintain ICBC’s monopoly on basic automobile insurance—which keeps rates higher than they would be in a more open insurance market.

— Oct 8, 2020
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Job Creation and Housing Starts in Canada’s Largest Metropolitan Areas

Job Creation and Housing Starts in Canada’s Largest Metropolitan Areas is a new study that finds the Vancouver and Toronto areas—while accounting for less than 25 per cent of Canada’s population, accounted for 120,000 new jobs from 2015 to 2019. But over the same period, the number of new housing starts in the two regions remained largely stagnant at approximately 57,000 a year—a rate that has largely been unchanged since 2002.

— Jul 30, 2020
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Technology Startups and Industry-Specific Regulations

Technology Startups and Industry-Specific Regulations finds that heavier regulatory burdens on technology startup companies in Canada are associated with a greater chance that startups will fail—and those burdens can also prevent prospective companies from starting in the first place.

— Jul 28, 2020
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Capital Investment in Canada’s Provinces: A Provincial Report

Capital Investment in Canada's Provinces: A Provincial Report measures growth in investment at the provincial level from 1990 to 2014 and from 2014 to 2018, the most recent year of comparable data. It finds that many of the provinces that historically enjoyed strong levels of investment—such as Alberta and Saskatchewan—have seen investment stall as a result of low oil prices. While British Columbia and Ontario remain strong performers, largely as a result of strong housing and finance sectors, Quebec, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island have consistently lagged the national average over the 30-year period. Newfoundland and Labrador has enjoyed some of the highest investment growth in the country because of large hydroelectric projects currently underway in the province.

— Jan 15, 2020
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Fiscal Policy and Recessions: The Role of Public Infrastructure Spending

Fiscal Policy and Recessions: The Role of Public Infrastructure Spending finds that infrastructure spending is not an effective policy for stimulating the economy during a recession because major infrastructure projects have very long timelines, and the recession will be over by the time shovels hit the ground. There is also evidence from the United States and Canada that increased federal spending on infrastructure merely replaces spending from lower levels of government, meaning the level of overall government spending remains the same.

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