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The Causes of Poverty

Causes of Poverty, the first in a new series exploring the underlying causes of poverty, finds Canadians who graduate high school, secure any kind of full-time employment and wait to have children until in a committed relationship have a 99 per cent chance of avoiding long-term poverty.

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Canadian Foreign Direct Investment: Recent Patterns and Interpretation

Canadian Foreign Direct Investment: Recent Patterns and Interpretation finds that the amount invested by Canadians abroad has increased 73.7 per cent since 2013, while the amount invested by foreigners in Canada over the same time period has declined by 55 per cent, signalling Canada has become a less attractive place to invest over the past few years.

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Alberta Prosperity: A Plan for Opportunity and Growth is a new book by the Fraser Institute that explores reforms in crucial policy areas, including Alberta’s finances, the health-care and education systems, the investment climate and resource regulation in the province, among others. The book provides policymakers with a clear plan to improve competitiveness, which would help attract entrepreneurs, investors and businesses, and raise living standards for Albertans.

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A Spending Framework for Alberta: Balancing the Need for Deficit Elimination and Tax Reform

A Spending Framework for Alberta: Balancing the Need for Deficit Elimination and Tax Reform finds that the Alberta government could balance its budget by 2021/22—and create the fiscal room for much-needed tax relief—if program spending were cut by 10.9 per cent over the next three years. While a 10.9 per cent spending reduction would be significant, it is substantially smaller than the reductions implemented by the Klein government in the 1990s. It would also bring Alberta’s per-person spending closer into line with neighbouring British Columbia, which currently spends 21 per cent less per person than Alberta does.

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Report Card on British Columbia's Elementary Schools 2019

The Report Card on British Columbia’s Elementary Schools, 2019 ranks 955 public and independent elementary schools based on 10 academic indicators derived from the provincewide Foundation Skills Assessment (FSA) results. The report card provides parents with information they can’t easily get anywhere else: In addition to five years of academic results, the report card shows which schools are improving or falling behind.

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Canada’s Rising Personal Tax Rates and Falling Tax Competitiveness (2019)

Canada’s Rising Personal Tax Rates and Falling Tax Competitiveness finds that Canadian workers across the income spectrum—and across the country—pay significantly higher personal income taxes than their American counterparts. In fact, at incomes of $50,000, $150,000 and $300,000, among all 61 provinces and states in Canada and the U.S., the 10 highest combined personal income tax rates are in the 10 Canadian provinces.

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Effective Tax and Royalty Rates on New Investment in Oil and Gas after Canadian and American Tax Reform

Effective Tax and Royalty Rates on New Investment in Oil and Gas after Canadian and American Tax Reform finds that, despite the federal government’s recent (albeit temporary) investment incentive measures, the effective tax rate on new investment in the oil and gas sectors are uncompetitive in two of Canada’s major energy-producing provinces: Saskatchewan and B.C. In fact, Saskatchewan has the highest taxes on new investment in both oil and gas among all major energy-producing jurisdictions in North America, and B.C. has the second-highest tax rate on new gas investments in Canada.

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Annual Survey of Mining Companies, 2018

The Fraser Institute Annual Survey of Mining Companies, 2018, rates 83 jurisdictions around the world based on their geologic attractiveness for minerals and metals and the extent to which government policies encourage or deter exploration and investment. This year, the state of Nevada ranks as the most attractive jurisdiction in the world for mining investment, followed by Western Australia, Saskatchewan (3rd) and Quebec (4th).