Other Research Topics

— Sep 19, 2018
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Creating Policy Calling Cards to Attract Business to Ontario finds that major reforms in different policy areas are required to make the province “open for business,” as the new government has pledged. Suggested reforms include: cutting corporate and personal income taxes, reducing business subsidies, lowering electricity costs and reforming the province’s labour laws.

— Sep 6, 2018
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The Impact of Proportional Representation on British Columbia’s Legislature and Voters

The Impact of Proportional Representation on British Columbia’s Legislature and Voters finds that changing British Columbia’s voting system to a form of proportional representation would give rise to smaller, single-issue parties, lead to more coalition governments and increase uncertainty in Victoria, based on an analysis of election data from 30 countries between 2000 and 2017.

— Aug 2, 2018
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Financial Markets, Laws, and Entrepreneurship

Financial Markets, Laws, and Entrepreneurship and Spurring Entrepreneurship through Capital Gains Tax Reform—chapters in a recent book on demographics and entrepreneurship—find that eliminating, or at least lowering, Canada’s uncompetitive tax rate on capital gains is the best policy for encouraging entrepreneurial financing, which is critical for new business startups.

— Jul 17, 2018
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Phasing Out Supply Management: Lessons from Australia's Dairy Industry

Phasing Out Supply Management: Lessons from Australia’s Dairy Industry finds that Canadian consumers and the dairy industry could both benefit from phasing out supply management. In fact, immediately following deregulation of Australia’s dairy industry in 2000, the price of milk dropped 12 cents per litre, and farm gate prices—the price farmers receive for their product—increased 56 per cent. Australian milk farmers now export about half their product, making dairy the country’s third most important agricultural export after beef and wheat.

— Jul 10, 2018
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The Effects on Entrepreneurship of Increasing Provincial Top Personal Income Tax Rates in Canada

The Effects on Entrepreneurship of Increasing Provincial Top Personal Income Tax Rates in Canada finds that many provincial governments across Canada are discouraging entrepreneurship and preventing hundreds of new businesses from being created by increasing top provincial personal income tax rates, which reduces the incentives for entrepreneurs to start new businesses.

— Jul 3, 2018
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Proportional Representation in Practice: An International Comparison of Ballots and Voting Rules

Proportional Representation in Practice: An International Comparison of Ballots and Voting Rules finds that any replacement of B.C.’s current First-Past-The-Post electoral system with a form of Proportional Representation will require trade-offs, an understanding of the impact that such changes will have on the way votes are counted and what impact the new system may have on the legislature and the party system.

— May 31, 2018
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Federal Reforms and the Empty Shell of Environmental Assessment

Federal Reforms and the Empty Shell of Environmental Assessment finds that environmental assessments for resource development projects, such as oil and gas pipelines, have always been arbitrary and political, and the federal government’s proposed reforms—contained in Bill C-69—do nothing to change that. If anything, the changes may increase uncertainty in the project approval process.