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Canada's Air Quality Since 1970: An Environmental Success Story

Canada's Air Quality Since 1970: An Environmental Success Story finds that levels of four major air pollutants—ground-level ozone, sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and carbon monoxide—have all fallen substantially since the 1970s despite significant population and economic growth and increased energy usage over the same time.

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Understanding Wealth Inequality in Canada

Understanding Wealth Inequality in Canada finds that up to 87 per cent of wealth inequality in Canada is a result of differences in peoples’ age, which is linked with someone’s ability to save (building up wealth) or the need to borrow. And the gap between the most well-off, in terms of wealth, and the least well-off has actually declined 17 per cent over the past 40 years.

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History and Development of Canada's Personal Income Tax

The History and Development of Canada’s Personal Income Tax: Zero to 50 in 100 years finds that the tax, which began as a small wartime revenue generator, has morphed into a costly, complex behemoth that’s difficult to administer and makes Canada uncompetitive. In fact, when compared to U.S. states, Canadian provinces have seven of the eight highest top combined rates, with Nova Scotia, Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick, P.E.I. and Manitoba all over 50 per cent.

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Report Card on Alberta’s Elementary Schools 2017

Report Card on Alberta’s Elementary Schools 2017 ranks 790 public, separate, francophone, independent, and charter schools based on seven academic indicators derived from provincewide test results. In addition to five years of academic results, the report card shows which Alberta elementary schools have improved, or fallen behind, in terms of language, math, science and social studies over the past five years.

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Hold the Celebration

Hold the Celebration: A Balanced Budget Won’t End Ontario’s Fiscal Challenges finds that Ontario’s debt is expected to continue to grow—increasing by approximately $9 billion next year—despite the government’s promise to finally balance its budget next month. Currently, Ontario’s debt relative to the size of the provincial economy stands at approximately 40 per cent and is expected to hover close to this historically high level for the foreseeable future.

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Comparing the Family Income of Students in BC

Comparing the Family Income of Students in British Columbia's Independent and Public Schools finds that, despite common misperceptions, families with children attending non-elite independent schools in British Columbia have essentially the same level of income as families with children in public schools.

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Quebec’s Daycare Program: A Flawed Policy Model

Quebec’s Daycare Program: A Flawed Policy Model finds that the province’s 20-year-old subsidized daycare program has produced skyrocketing costs along with worrying child development outcomes without eliminating wait times. Spending on a per-child basis—after adjusting for inflation—jumped 101.6 per cent since the program’s creation, from $4,874 in 1997 to $9,823 in 2016 (amounts in 2016 dollars).

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Custom Election Codes for First Nations

Custom Election Codes for First Nations: A Double-Edged Sword finds that nearly 60 per cent of Canada’s First Nations have adopted custom election systems for band chiefs and councils, instead of using Indian Act rules. And while custom-made election systems for individual First Nation bands may produce more accountable and transparent government, they may also lead to abuse of power and discrimination.