Democracy & Governance

— Oct 18, 2018
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The Consequences of Electoral Reform in British Columbia

The Consequences of Electoral Reform in British Columbia finds that changing the province’s voting system to a form of proportional representation, or PR, would lead to bigger costlier provincial governments. In fact, governments elected under PR systems are nearly 30 per cent bigger than governments elected under first-past-the-post, based on election data from 26 countries between 2004 and 2015 (the most recent year of comparable data).

— Sep 6, 2018
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The Impact of Proportional Representation on British Columbia’s Legislature and Voters

The Impact of Proportional Representation on British Columbia’s Legislature and Voters finds that changing British Columbia’s voting system to a form of proportional representation would give rise to smaller, single-issue parties, lead to more coalition governments and increase uncertainty in Victoria, based on an analysis of election data from 30 countries between 2000 and 2017.

— Jul 3, 2018
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Proportional Representation in Practice: An International Comparison of Ballots and Voting Rules

Proportional Representation in Practice: An International Comparison of Ballots and Voting Rules finds that any replacement of B.C.’s current First-Past-The-Post electoral system with a form of Proportional Representation will require trade-offs, an understanding of the impact that such changes will have on the way votes are counted and what impact the new system may have on the legislature and the party system.

— Feb 28, 2018
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Designing a Referendum Question for British Columbia

Designing a Referendum Question for British Columbia finds that if the B.C. government moves forward with electoral reform, it should hold two referenda—with clear, unbiased questions—to ensure voters are fully informed, based on best practices from around the world.

— Aug 29, 2017
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Measuring the Impact of the 2017 Election on Uncertainty in British Columbia

Measuring the Impact of the 2017 Election on Uncertainty in British Columbia finds that the tenuous nature of the recent provincial election in British Columbia has increased political and policy uncertainty to the highest levels since 2009, which could drive away business investment and slow the economy.

— Mar 21, 2017
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Custom Election Codes for First Nations

Custom Election Codes for First Nations: A Double-Edged Sword finds that nearly 60 per cent of Canada’s First Nations have adopted custom election systems for band chiefs and councils, instead of using Indian Act rules. And while custom-made election systems for individual First Nation bands may produce more accountable and transparent government, they may also lead to abuse of power and discrimination.

Democracy & Governance Research Experts

  • Professor Emeritus of Political Science, University of Calgary
  • Associate Professor of Political Science, University of Windsor