High housing costs and long commutes can discourage workers from moving to cities such as Toronto.
Cities with the strictest land-use regulations have the lowest rates of housing stock growth.
In the Greater Toronto Area, home prices are 50 per cent higher than they were during Ontario’s last election in 2014.
In the Greater Golden Horseshoe, per-unit building costs to comply with regulation amount to nearly $50,000.
Average house prices up almost 140 per cent in Calgary and more than 160 per cent in Edmonton.
Vancouver’s growing housing costs are outstripping income increases in the city.