Some people still understand petroleum's role in the prosperity of modern societies.
The Trudeau government has increased uncertainty in the project approval process.
The Trudeau government’s national carbon tax will increase costs in the petroleum manufacturing sector by 25 per cent.
The elected band councils signed agreements in support of the pipeline.
The Trudeau government declined to provide evidence or challenge the law suits.
Depressed prices for Canadian heavy crude oil cost Canada's energy industry C$20.6 billion in foregone revenues.
A high price differential means lower-than-expected royalties for governments.
In November 2018, Canadian heavy oil was sold at 30 per cent of the value of U.S. oil.